Heart of the
Wood Specializing in reproductions of 17th century
furniture and woodwork
Working-up stock from the log: the Riving Process
When the log has been split into bolts of a manageable size, they can be brought into
the shop, where riving is continued using a froe.
is essentially a long narrow wedge fitted with a handle, so that leverage can be applied
to the splitting process. The riving of longer pieces of stock is assisted by the
use of a holding tool called a 'break'. Stock for shorter pieces is cut to length
out of the bolt, and riven on a block. The edge of the froe is driven into the top
of the bolt with a 'beetle' or froe club. Again, the bolts are always split in half.
is applied by working the froe handle back and forth, sliding it further into the cleft as
the split advances.
piece is close to the desired size, the last waste-wood can be split off of one side of
the piece. The final roughing out of the the fresh, wet timber is quickly
achieved with the hewing hatchet.
The turner will at this point have dressed his stock into rough cylinders, slightly
larger than his finished turnings will be. He will now proceed directly to the work
of turning on the lathe.